We have delved into our kit on many occasions in response to minor bumps, scrapes and maladies. But we were very thankful we were well prepared when Karen had the misfortune to suffer a stingray strike. You can read that story HERE.
|On Our Dreamtime we have 5 boxes with clear lids with everything clearly labelled|
|This style of first aid kit is handy for going ashore and hiking|
- plasters in a variety of different sizes and shapes
- small, medium and large sterile gauze dressings
- Blood Pressure bandages large and small
- at least two sterile eye dressings
- triangular bandages
- crêpe rolled bandages
- safety pins
- 5 pairs disposable sterile gloves
- alcohol-free cleansing wipes
- sticky tape
- thermometer (preferably digital)
- skin rash cream, such as hydrocortisone or calendula
- cream or spray to relieve insect bites and stings
- antiseptic cream or spray
- painkillers such as paracetamol (or infant paracetamol for children), aspirin (not to be given to children under 16), or ibuprofen
- cough medicine
- antihistamine tablets
- distilled water for cleaning wounds
- eye wash and eye bath
- Resuscitation mask
- Saline Solution 5 bottles 15 ml
- Waterproof Bandaids
- Hypothermia blanket
- Burn Cream
- Burn Plastic wrap
- Burn bandage
- Rehydrate powder or dissolvable tables with electrolytes. Sports drinks are also suitable.
Emergency treatment Medication Plans for particular illness.
- Adrenaline autoinjector (EpiPen®) to treat a severe allergic reaction
- Asthma preventative and treatment medication
- Diabetes medications or insulin
- Pain relief
|Example of a Medical Action Plan for Asthma|
- Non-adhesive dressings – best used for covering burnt or abraded (scraped or grazed) skin. Never use adhesive dressings on burnt or abraded skin.
- Wound dressings – these thick pads are used to help control bleeding and reduce the risk of infection. Different sizes are needed for different-sized wounds.
- Crepe or conforming bandages – these elastic bandages are used to create pressure, hold dressings in place, reduce swelling and provide some support.
- Triangular bandages – these non-elastic bandages are used for slings, to hold splints in place and to restrict movement.
- Sterile eyewash solution – used to flush eyelashes, insects, dust, sand or similar particles from the eye. Never attempt to remove an object that is embedded in or has penetrated an eye – in such an instance, seek urgent medical attention.
Traveling overseas with prescribed medication.
- read the the relevant travel advice and check with the embassies of the countries you will be traveling to make sure your medicine is legal there
- carry a letter from your doctor detailing what the medicine is, how much you'll be taking and stating the medicine is for your personal use or the personal use of someone with you (for example, a child)
- leave the medicine in its original packaging so it can be easily identified.
Knowing the medication you have onboard.
- all the medicines you use, including prescription, non-prescription, over-the-counter, minerals, herbal and natural medicines
- what each medicine is for
- how much of each medicine to use
- when and how to use each medicine
- Keeping a medicines list will:
- help you to know more about your medicines
- remind you how and when to take your medicines
- ensure everyone involved in your health care knows which medicines you use
- help your doctor and pharmacist check and review your medicines
- provide vital information about your medicines in an emergency.
- Knowing as much as you can about your medicines will help you to:
- get better results from the medicines you use
- get the most out of a consultation with your doctor or pharmacist
- help to prevent side effect and interactions
- enjoy better health.
|The List can be as simple or as detailed as you want.|
Here is a link to a great site that can assist you in making your own "medicine list".
Here is a few common reasons for first aid on the water.
- Act fast to cool the skin, treat with cool water or cold compress.
- Moisturise while the skin is damp.
- Decrease the Inflammation by taking an anti inflammatory drug such as ibuprofen, naproxen or aspirin.
- Replenish your fluids with water and electrolytes
- See a doctor if you are showing signs of blistering or concerned about anything.
- Stop their activity and make them rest.
- Get them out of direct sunlight and lie down in a cool spot, such as in the shade.
- Prop up feet.
- Take off any extra clothes.
- Drink a rehydration drink, water, juice, or sports drink to replace fluids and minerals. Drink 2 litres of cool liquids over the next 2 to 4 hours.
- You should drink at least 10 glasses of liquid a day to replace lost fluids.
Emergency responses for severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) are:
- have a severe allergic reaction action plan
- carry an adrenaline autoinjector (EpiPen®) to treat a severe allergic reaction
- Member wear medical identification jewellery – this increases the likelihood that adrenaline will be administered in an emergency
- avoid medication (where possible) that may increase the severity of an allergic reaction or complicate its treatment – such as beta blockers.
- Get the person to rest.
- Apply an ice pack to the injury. An ice pack can be simply ice or frozen vegetables wrapped in something such as a tea towel. Applying it to the injury will reduce the swelling and pain.
- Encourage the person to support the injury with their hand, or use a cushion or items of clothing to prevent unnecessary movement.
- Supporting the injury may give pain relief and prevent further damage.
- Fractures of the head or body such as skull, ribs and pelvis are all serious and should be managed by paramedics.
- Cool the burn under cold running water for at least ten minutes. Cooling the burn will reduce pain, swelling and the risk of scarring. The faster and longer a burn is cooled, the less the impact of the injury.
- After the burn has been cooled, cover it with cling film or a clean plastic bag. This helps prevent infection by keeping the area clean. It’s an ideal covering because it doesn’t stick to the burn and reduces pain by keeping air from the skin’s surface.
- Establish what they have taken. When? And how much? Emergency services will require this information.
- Do not make the person sick. By making them sick, you can cause further damage to their throat or block their airway.
- Warm the person, giving constant reassurance until help arrives. You can warm them by wrapping them in a blanket and giving warm drinks and high-energy foods, such as chocolate.
Where to get help
- In an emergency, always call triple zero (000)
- St John Ambulance Australia Tel. 1300 360 455
- Australian Red Cross Tel. 1300 367 428
- 13HEALTH for non life threatening injuries or sickness.